cell size and wrong ideas
As a possible way to help control varroa mites, some beekeepers advocate the use of cells smaller than the regular size commonly used by beekeepers. This claim rests on two major arguments, namely :
that honey bees built smaller cells under natural conditions in the past
that a "fatal" error occurred at the turn of the 20th century when the "square" approach (a new and an alleged misleading method of estimating cell density) was introduced and replaced the so-called "rhombus" approach.
a) Historical data
A thorough review of historical data show :
that cell sizes were not smaller in the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries
that estimating cell densities was not an issue before the introduction of wax foundation andthat the alleged "rhombus" way of estimating cell density has not been used by early authors
b) geometry and maths
The analysis based on geometry and mathematics of the "rhombus" and "square" approches for measurig cell density show that the two methods are
yield the same results
c) Understanding the so-called "fatal error":
Improperly considering that a rhombus with a side length of 1dm encompasses the same area as a square (i.e 1dm2 instead of 0.866dm2), the proponents of small cells erroneously transformed the data reported by the authors of the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries and claimed in support of their views that cells were smaller in the past.
In conclusion, the claim that cells were smaller in the past is not only in contradiction with the historical records, but rests on a distortion of these historical records resulting from an incorrect transformation of the original data.
Saucy F. (2014) About cell size, Varroa control and a "fatal error"
Heath D. (2015) Cell sizes of honeybees The Beekeepers Quarterly 119: 6-7.
Try the Density calculator: a tool to convert cell sizes and densities in mm and inches